Parrott Rifle

The Parrott Rifle was a type of muzzle-loading rifled artillery weapon used extensively in the American Civil War. The gun was invented by Captain Robert Parker Parrott, a West Point graduate. He resigned from the service in 1836 and became the superintendent of the West Point Foundry in Cold Spring, New York. He created the first Parrott Rifle (and corresponding projectile) in 1860 and patented it in 1861. Parrott Rifles were manufactured with a combination of cast and wrought iron.

The cast iron made for an accurate gun, but was brittle enough to suffer fractures. Hence, a large wrought iron reinforcing band was overlaid on the breech to give it additional strength. There were prior cannons designed this way, but the method of securing this band was the innovation that allowed the Parrott to overcome the deficiencies of these earlier models. It was applied to the gun red-hot and then the gun was turned while pouring water down the muzzle, allowing the band to attach uniformly.

Cannon Dimensions:
Full Scale - Bore – 3" | BREECH: 9″ | CHEEKS: 8″ | OAL: 78" | TRUN D: 2 7/8″ | TRUN L: 2 1/2″ | TRUN OAL: 13″ | TRUN-CASC: 25 1/2"

3/4 Scale - Bore – 2 1/4″ | BREECH: 9” | CHEEKS: 8″ | OAL: 55″ | TRUN D: 2 7/8″ | TRUN L: 2 1/2″ | TRUN OAL: 13″ | Trun-Casc: 25 1/4”

Full Scale 20 Pounder - Bore: 4 1/2″ | BREECH: 9” | CHEEKS: 12” | OAL: 89″ | Trun D: 4 1/2” | Trun L: 3 1/2” | Trun Oal: 19” | Trun-Casc: 25 1/4”.